dentist holding dental implant model

What Are the Different Types of Dental Implants

Do you have plans to get dental implants? While you may already have the funds to pay for it, remember there are different dental implants. Usually, you will know which one you’ll need once you get an initial consultation from a dentist. They will examine your real teeth and jaw to find the proper treatments to ensure you get optimal results.

Dental implants are sophisticated dental devices that replace missing teeth and improve oral health. They comprise a metal post or frame that dentists surgically position into the healthy jawbone beneath the gums, creating a stable support for artificial teeth.

What Are the 3 Types of Dental Implants?

There are three different types of dental implants: endosteal implants, subperiosteal implants and zygomatic implants. Each type has its own unique characteristics, applications and suitability criteria.

Endosteal Implants

Structure

  • Endosteal implants are commonly used as a dental implant type.
  • They are usually made of titanium and turned into small screws, cylinders or blades.
  • Dentists place the implant directly into the jawbone during a surgical procedure.

Procedure

  • Dentists cut the gum tissue to show the jawbone.
  • Dental implant experts drill a hole into the jawbone to fit the metal implant post.
  • After positioning the implant, the gum tissue is closed over it.
  • The implant is left to integrate with the bone through osseointegration, which usually takes several months.
  • Once the integration is complete, another minor surgery is performed to attach the abutment. This small connector titanium post will hold the artificial tooth.
  • Lastly, either custom-made crowns, dentures, or bridges can be attached to the implant abutment.

Suitability

  • Ideal for patients with adequate jawbone density and volume.
  • Suitable as a replacement for single tooth implants or more.
  • Can also have implant-supported bridges or dentures.

Subperiosteal Implants

Structure

  • Subperiosteal implants comprise a metal frame that perches on the jawbone’s top but underneath the gum tissue.
  • Posts attached to the frame poke out through the gum to hold the prosthetic tooth.

Procedure

  • A local anesthetic is administered, and the gum tissue is opened to expose the jawbone.
  • A metal frame is placed over the jawbone.
  • As the gum heals, the frame becomes fixed to the bone through osseointegration.
  • The artificial teeth are then attached to the posts protruding from the gums.

Suitability

  • Made for patients with lacking jawbone density or height for endosteal implants.
  • Often opted for patients who prefer not to undergo bone augmentation procedures.
  • Particularly useful for patients with significant bone loss.

Zygomatic Implants

Structure

  • Zygomatic implants are longer than typical dental implants and are fastened in the zygomatic bone rather than the jawbone.
  • Made of durable materials like titanium, they provide an alternative when the upper jaw has insufficient bone volume.

Procedure

  • Generally requires general anesthesia due to the complexity of the surgery.
  • Dentists cut the gum tissue to show the underlying bone, and the titanium implant is placed into the zygomatic bone.
  • The length and path are carefully planned to ensure secure implant placement.
  • Multiple implants might be used, depending on the number of missing teeth.
  • Once positioned, a prosthetic tooth or teeth can be immediately attached, or a temporary crown may be placed while healing occurs.

Suitability

  • Advisable for patients with severe upper jaw bone loss.
  • Often used as a last resort when bone grafting or sinus lift procedures are not viable.
  • Particularly suited for patients who want immediate function and quicker treatment times.

Choose the Right Dental Implant by Visiting Blossom Dental Excellence in San Jose, CA!

The three primary types of implants—Endosteal, Subperiosteal, and Zygomatic—serve distinct purposes and are suitable for different patient needs. Endosteal implants, resembling small screws, are the most common and require sufficient jaw bone density. Subperiosteal implants, using a metal frame atop the jaw, are ideal for those lacking natural bone height or density. Lastly, Zygomatic implants are anchored in the cheekbone and can fix severe upper jaw bone loss.

When deciding on the right type of dental implant, you need experienced dental experts to guide you. Fortunately, Blossom Dental Excellence has treated multiple patients and has provided excellent dental implant treatments in San Jose and its surrounding areas. Contact us to schedule an implant consultation with our dentist and discuss the possible dental options for your case.

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